top of page
What is Collective Design?
Collective design is a design-based method with creative and participatory principles and tools that incorporate different kinds of people and knowledge into the solution processes of public problems [1]. 
Participatory design is the bringing together of multiple perspectives of a group of designers from different backgrounds to create a synergetic solution [3].
Why is it important, what does it provide?
Conscious participation in strategy and collective design activities and the integration of rapid design will lead to the creation of valid, viable and preferred designs [2]. Collective design enables citizen participation with useful tools, while reaching and generating experiences and ideas and testing the process [1].
Some of the questions that should be asked while preparing the collective design process are: who should be involved in the process?, how will the communication between the participants be ensured?, how will the participants be informed?, how will the participation affect the decision-making activities? [4]
collective design [5];
It's not an event, it's a process.
- Proceeds with questions and problems, 
- Getting out of the comfort zone and working in the place where the problem is, is not a job to be done from the office
- It does not focus only on the end user of a project or policy, it includes the user at every stage of the system
- Needs environments with secure, open relationships.
- Where and how it happens is important.
- The process is always alive, it must change and adapt to the situations.
Participation process: Participation in planning, Participation in implementation, Participation in Evaluation. 
Active participation can be ensured in each of the processes.
Different methods should be used with different target audiences in each engagement process. While not every method fits all audiences, it may not fit the purpose of participation or the time and budget. Choosing the best method is important to ensure efficient participation.

[1] Blomkamp, E. (2018). The promise of co-design for public policy. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 77(4), 729-743.

[2] Aryana, B., Naderi, E., & Balis, G. (2019). Strategies for empowering collective design. The Design Journal, 22(sup1), 2073-2088.

[3] Maher, ML, Paulini, M., & Murty, P. (2011). Scaling up: From individual design to collaborative design to collective design. In Design Computing and Cognition'10 (pp. 581-599). Springer, Dordrecht.

[4] KOCAOĞLU, THE DESIGN OF THIS CITIZENS PARTICIPATION PROCESS. Trakya University Journal of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 6(2), 42-61.

[5] Slocum-Bradley, N., Elliot, J., Heedterbeek, S., Lukensmeyer, CJ (2006), Participatory Methods Toolkit: A Practitioner's Manual. King Baudouin Foundation; The Flemish Institute for Science and Technology Assessment (viWTA). ISBN: 90-5130-506-0

bottom of page